Thyroid Disease


The common structural changes include nodules and enlargement, and the common diseases that affect the thyroid include hypothyroidism, thyrotoxicosis, multinodular goitre,  and thyroid cancer.

Summary of the Most Common Structural Disorders of the Thyroid

A variety of appearances of the thyroid gland in disease including (from top left to right a simple cyst (yellow) the small atrophied gland seen in hypothyruidism,the large hyperemic gland seen in acute thyroiditis and Graves disease, the hemorrhagic cyst (marroon) normal, multinodular goiter of cysts (yellow), heterogeneous (light green) and solid (dark green), the malignant nodule, hot nodule with secondary atrophy of the gland, and the large multinodul;ar retrosternal gland.

Courtesy Ashley Davidoff MD copyright 2010 all rights reserved 93852e07.9s